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The first player to take a kick was George Best , and the first to miss was Denis Law. Five weeks later, on 4 November ,  the first ever European Cup shoot out took place between Everton F.
Panathinaikos complained to UEFA and the match was annulled and replayed the following month,   with CSKA winning without the need for a shoot-out.
The final of the Campeonato Paulista ended in similar circumstances. Santos were leading Portuguesa 2—0 with each team having taken three shoot-out kicks, when referee Armando Marques mistakenly as each team still had two shots to take, and therefore Portuguesa still had a chance of leveling the scoreline declared Santos the winners.
The first major international tournament to be decided by a penalty shoot-out was the European Championship final between Czechoslovakia and West Germany.
UEFA had made provision for a final replay two days later,  but the teams decided to use a shoot-out instead. The first penalty shoot-out in the World Cup was on 9 January , in the first round of African qualifying , when Tunisia beat Morocco.
If the final had been drawn, penalties would not have applied unless the replay was also drawn;   from , penalties were scheduled after the final as for the earlier knockout rounds.
Goalkeepers have been known to win shoot-outs by their kicking. England lost six out of eight penalty shoot-outs in major tournament finals, including losses to Germany in the semi-finals of the FIFA World Cup and UEFA Euro the latter following a win over Spain by the same method in the previous round.
After Euro , England lost four more shoot-outs in a row in major tournament finals, losing to Argentina at the World Cup, Portugal at Euro and the World Cup and Italy at Euro , before finally breaking their losing streak at the World Cup against Colombia; this shootout also allowed England to progress into the quarter-finals for the first time in twelve years.
The Netherlands, meanwhile, lost four consecutive shoot-outs; against Denmark in Euro , France in Euro , Brazil in the World Cup, and Italy in Euro , before finally winning one against Sweden in Euro In Euro , the Netherlands had two penalty kicks during the match and four attempts in the shootout but only managed to convert one kick against Italian keeper Francesco Toldo.
Frank de Boer had both a penalty kick and shootout kick saved by Toldo, who also saved from Paul Bosvelt to give Italy a 3—1 shootout victory.
The Italians have lost six shoot-outs in major championships, notably being eliminated from three consecutive World Cups —, including the final and the Euro quarter-finals on penalties.
However, they have also won three shoot-outs, including the Euro semi-final against the Netherlands, the Euro quarter-final against England, and the World Cup Final against France.
On 16 November , a place in the World Cup was directly determined by a penalty shoot-out for the first time. The FIFA World Cup qualifying playoff between Australia and Uruguay ended 1—1 on aggregate, with Uruguay winning the first leg 1—0 at home and Australia winning the second leg at home by the same score.
A scoreless 30 minutes of extra time was followed by a shoot-out, which Australia won 4—2. The goalkeeper Oleksandr Shovkovsky Ukraine became the first not to concede a single goal in the penalty shoot-out, saving two of the Swiss attempts, with another shot hitting the crossbar.
The result meant that Switzerland became the first nation to be eliminated from the World Cup without conceding any goals and, moreover, the only nation to participate in a World Cup finals tournament without conceding a goal.
The same competition featured a shoot-out between Germany and Argentina, the two most successful teams up to that point in terms of World Cup finals penalty shoot-outs: Germany won this shoot-out, leaving Germany alone with a 4—0 record in World Cup finals.
Thirty-two penalties had to be taken before the tie was broken. The Netherlands eventually won 13— In the FA Cup , penalty kicks were used in the edition of the short-lived third-place playoff.
They were introduced more generally in the —92 season to decide matches still level after one replay and extra time. Previously there was no limit on the number of replays, which led to fixture disruption, especially disliked by the top clubs.
Replays were often two or three days after the drawn match, which conflicted with the increased planning required after the Football Spectators Act The first team eliminated from the FA Cup on penalties was Scunthorpe United , beaten on 26 October by Rotherham United after a first-round replay.
Shoot-outs have been used to settle four Football League Cup finals to date. The first was in when Liverpool beat Birmingham City 5—4 on penalties after a 1—1 draw after extra time in the match.
More recently the final between Manchester United and Tottenham Hotspur ended goalless and was won 4—1 on penalties by Manchester United.
Then the final between Liverpool and Cardiff City finished 2—2 after extra time, Liverpool winning 3—2 on penalties.
The final was won by Manchester City beating Liverpool 3—1 on penalties, after a 1—1 draw. Penalty shoot-outs have been used for many years to settle drawn games in the earlier rounds of the Football League Cup , the earliest example being August when Doncaster Rovers beat Lincoln City 3—2 on penalties after three drawn games in a row 1—1, 1—1, 2—2 in a first round match.
Shoot-outs tend to be quite rare in the semi-finals due to the away goal rule applying after extra time. However, a shoot-out was used in the —14 semi-final between Sunderland and Manchester United after both teams finished level over two legs; Sunderland won the shoot-out 2—1.
The Community Shield is also settled using penalties, following the normal 90 minutes of play, but no extra time. Manchester United have won the shield three times via a shoot-out, beating Arsenal in , Chelsea in , and Portsmouth in Manchester United lost the match on penalties to Chelsea.
After a scoreless minutes, 28 penalty kicks were needed to decide the outcome, and Kayserispor, thanks to the goal scoring and goal saving heroics of Dimitar Ivankov, won its first Turkish Cup 11— While Olympiacos took a 4—3 lead in overtime with a goal by Galletti, the scorer was sent off with a second yellow card for taking his shirt off while celebrating.
Later on, Avraam Papadopoulos also got a second yellow leaving Olympiacos with 9 players. AEK managed to tie the game at 4—4 forcing a penalty shoot out.
AEK was shooting first. Both AEK and Olympiacos scored in the first 4 penalties. Majstorovic of AEK hit the horizontal crossbar in the 5th penalty giving the chance to Djordjevic for whom it was the closing game of his career to seal the victory for Olympiacos.
Hence, the shooting continued. Both teams scored their 6th and 7th penalties. Center-back Antzas was slotted to hit the 8th penalty for Olympiacos, but keeper Nikopolidis took the initiative and took the penalty instead tying the score to 7—7.
Nikopolidis blocked the subsequent 9th penalty by Georgeas for AEK but Antzas missed the penalty for Olympiacos saved by Saha and failed to finish the shoot-out.
Since Olympiacos had only 9 players in the field, the shooters had to rotate, going back to those that shoot the very first penalties.
All 7 subsequent penalty takers for both teams scored, leading to a penalty shoot out that was at 14—14 with 32! However, Pelletieri of AEK had a bad penalty shot that was easily deflected by Nikopolidis, who then took the 34th penalty shot against the other goalkeeper, Saha, scoring, and ending this saga with a 15—14 win for Olympiacos in penalty shoot out and an overall score of 19— The match is best known for the antics of Liverpool keeper Bruce Grobbelaar.
Conti sent his spot kick over the bar. Grobbelaar then produced a similar performance before Francesco Graziani took his kick, famously wobbling his legs in mock terror.
Graziani duly missed and Liverpool went on to win the shootout 4—2. In the UEFA Champions League Final the penalty-shoot out has caused controversy among many fans as replays showed that Dida was off his goal line when saving penalties from Trezeguet , Zalayeta and Montero.
Buffon was also off his goal line when saving penalties from Seedorf and Kaladze. Milan and Liverpool F. His standing leg slipped as he took his kick, and the ball hit the post.
Chelsea lost the shoot-out 6—5, to which Terry reacted by breaking down in tears. Terry was not originally the penalty taker, however, striker Didier Drogba had been sent off shortly before extra time ended.
Chelsea had never previously won a shoot-out in the competition, and had lost the final and semi-final on penalties. Bayern had never lost a shoot-out in Europe; their wins included the final against Valencia and the semi-final against Real Madrid.
Didier Drogba dispatched the winning penalty, having been unable to take the fifth kick missed by Terry in the final due to a red card in extra time.
The following day, many British newspapers made reference to the fact that an English team had finally beaten a German team on penalties.
The current World Record for the most penalties scored consecutively in a shoot out stands at 29, in a Hampshire Senior Cup second-round game between Brockenhurst and Andover Town on 9 October , in which the 30th penalty was saved allowing Brockenhurst to win 15— After the second set of five penalty kicks still being tied at 10—10, it went to sudden death, where the last penalty was missed by Anthony Baffoe , the stand in Ghanaian captain.
This is the most penalties in the final match of a major international tournament, and the last time a second set of 5 kicks was implemented in the rules.
Fourteen years later, the Ivory Coast and Cameroon needed 24 penalties to decide who would advance to the semi-finals of the African Cup of Nations.
On the 11 December , Bradford City set the record for most consecutive penalty shootout wins. They won 9 penalty shootouts since and that included wins against Arsenal and local rivals Huddersfield Town.
A shoot-out is usually considered for statistical purposes to be separate from the match which preceded it. This contrasts with a fixture won in extra time, where the score at the end of normal time is superseded.
Converted shoot-out penalties are not considered as goals scored by a player for the purposes of their individual records, or for " golden boot " competitions.
With the exception of the national championship game, if the score of any game remains tied following the sudden death overtime or golden goal , the game is recorded as a tie, regardless of the result of the shoot-out tiebreaker.
In a national championship game, the result of the shoot-out tiebreaker also determines the result of the game for statistical purposes.
In the calculation of UEFA coefficients , shoot-outs are ignored for club coefficients,  but not national team coefficients, where the shoot-out winner gets 20, points: As a way to decide a football match, shoot-outs have been seen variously as a thrilling climax or as an unsatisfactory cop-out.
Paul Doyle describes shoot-outs as "exciting and suspense-filled" and the UEFA Champions League Final shoot-out as "the perfect way to end a wonderful The result is often seen as a lottery rather than a test of skill;  managers Luiz Felipe Scolari  and Roberto Donadoni  described them as such after their teams had respectively won and lost shoot-outs.
Mitch Phillips called it "the ultimate test of nerve and technique". Ian Thomsen likened deciding the World Cup using a penalty shoot-out to deciding the Masters golf tournament via a minigolf game.
Inferior teams are tempted to play for a scoreless draw, calculating that a shoot-out offers their best hope of victory. The Economist reported on the advantage of the team kicking first usually wins and on the players aiming higher usually score a goal.
As part of a trial to reduce this advantage, the IFAB sanctioned in March to test a different sequence of taking penalties, known as "ABBA", that mirrors the serving sequence in a tennis tiebreak team A kicks first, team B kicks second: Historically, one of the first tie-breaking procedures was contained in the Sheffield Rules between and , with the concept of the rouge , scorable when the ball went narrowly wide off the goal.
Should no goals or an equal number be obtained, the match is decided by rouges". Similarly, the try in rugby football was used from as a tie-breaker if teams were level on goals.
A drawn result may be allowed to stand, unless the fixture determines which team qualifies for a later round. Before except in the FA Charity Shield was shared if the match was drawn.
When the third place playoff of the Olympic tournament between the USSR and East Germany ended 2—2 after extra time,  the bronze medal was shared by the two teams.
During the qualification process for the World Cup , Morocco and Tunisia formed a two-team group. They both won 2—1 at home, so they played a third match at a neutral location.
When this ended in a 1—1 draw after extra time, Morocco advanced on a coin toss to the next round of qualification.
This scenario was repeated in during the qualification process for the World Cup , when the same two teams were tied after three matches and extra time.
Again, Morocco advanced on a coin toss. Tunisia did have better luck with the coin toss in the intervening years; during the African Cup of Nations , they reached the final at the expense of Senegal by winning a coin toss after three group matches had left Tunisia and Senegal tied with a win over Ethiopia and a draw against each other.
Current alternatives include replaying a match that has ended in a draw. This still occurs in the fifth last sixteen round and earlier rounds of the English FA Cup.
Until , any number of replays were permitted, with a record of five. Only once, in , did the European Cup final go to a replay. Other suggestions have included using elements of match play such as most shots on goal, most corner kicks awarded, fewest cautions and sendings-off , or having ongoing extra time with teams compelled to remove players at progressive intervals similar to regular season play in the National Hockey League , where players play 3-on-3 in the extra time.
However, after the World Cup, Sepp Blatter stated that he wants no more penalty shoot-outs in the Final of the World Cup, tentatively suggesting either a replay or "Maybe to take players away and play golden goal ".
Another advantage is that players who have missed would have a chance to redeem themselves in extra-time. The obvious flaw is that the team that wins the penalty shoot-out would be inclined to play defensively in extra time in the knowledge that a draw would put them through.
However, this flaw is not so clear because a single goal makes the difference between winning and losing, as opposed to a team which defends a single-goal lead more comfortably because a conceded goal is the difference between winning and drawing.
Another alternative is Attacker Defender Goalkeeper ADG , which features a series of ten contests, in which an attacker has thirty seconds to score a goal against a defender and goalkeeper.
At the completion of the ten contests, the team with the most goals is the winner. The player could make as many moves as he could in a breakaway situation in the five seconds, then attempt a shot.
This procedure is similar to that used in an ice hockey penalty shot. As with a standard shoot-out, this variation used a best-of-five-kicks model, and if the score was still level, the tiebreaker would head to an extra round of one attempt per team.
This format rewarded player skills, as players were able to attempt to deceive goalkeepers and play the ball in an attempt to make the shot, as in a one-on-one skills contest, and goalkeepers could take on the attackers without restrictions that are normally implemented in penalty shootouts.
From its inception in , the NASL used an unconventional point system in determining the league standings. Teams were awarded six points for a win and three points for a draw.
In addition, teams earned one bonus point for each goal scored in a game up to a maximum of three per game. Thus, a team that lost 5—3 would earn three points.
However, a team that lost 1—0 would earn no points. Also, a team that won 5—4 would earn nine points the same as a 3—0 win. But a team that won 2—0 would earn only eight points.
Starting with postseason playoff matches, the NASL used a golden goal rule, and every match had a winner decided from the run of play. Extra-time sessions were 15 minutes long before a brief break and change of ends.
Game 1 of the NASL semifinal series between the Rochester Lancers and the Dallas Tornado went six extra-time periods with Rochester scoring the game-winning goal in the th minute.
Game 3 of that same series went four extra time periods with Dallas scoring in the th minute to win the match and the series. In , the NASL adopted a conventional penalty-kick shootout system for all regular-season and postseason playoff matches, and there were no longer any NASL matches that ended in ties.
In the standings, a team that won in regulation time was awarded six points. A team that won in a penalty-kick shootout was awarded one point. Bonus points continued to be awarded for each goal scored up to a maximum of three per game.
If a match was tied after 90 minutes, a maximum of two golden goal extra time periods of 7. If neither team scored, the shootout was held to determine the winner of the match.
In the standings, a team that won was awarded six points whether the win came in regulation time, extra time or by shootout. No bonus points were awarded for goals scored in extra time.
Postseason playoff games were decided in the same manner. In , the number of points awarded to a team that won a game in a shootout was reduced from six to four.
No regular-season or postseason playoff games ended in a tie. In general, no extra time was played; the shootout commenced immediately after 90 minutes had been played.
The only exception was in the MLS Cup Final in which a match tied after 90 minutes would be followed by a maximum of two minute extra time sessions on a golden goal basis.
In the regular-season standings, a team that won a match in regulation was awarded three points. A team that won a match in a shootout was awarded one point.
There were no bonus points or points awarded to teams that lost whether in regulation time or a shootout. In the playoffs, the conference semifinals and conference finals were organized as best-of-three matches series.
A shootout win counted as a win. Thus, a team could win two of the three matches by shootout and lose the other match in regulation and still advance to the next round.
This was inconsistent with how the teams were rewarded during the regular season when the team with one win would have earned three points, and the team with two wins would have earned only two points.
In , a maximum of two minute golden goal extra time periods were added for matches that were tied after 90 minutes of regulation play. If neither team scored during extra time, the match was decided by a shootout.
MLS abandoned the North American style shootout starting with the season. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Archived PDF from the original on 11 September Retrieved 27 January British Association of Sports and Exercise Sciences.
Archived from the original PDF on 6 January Retrieved 28 January Shootouts provide all the things we like about sports.
Heroes stepping into the spotlight with a single moment of brilliant or fortune. Sympathetic figures who your heart bleeds for. Nothing beats penalty shootouts for drama.
Archived from the original on 21 January Archived PDF from the original on 24 September Shoot as many as you can in the penalty line and win the game.
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